Here are a few sites to bookmark in case you’re unable to reach us here at crazymeds.us If and when I’m aware of any problems making the entire site, or just the forum, unavailable, I’ll keep everyone updated at:
- The Crazy Meds off-site blog
- The Crazy Meds Imperial Corporate Facebook page
- The Crazy Meds Google+ page
- My Google+ page
The above are for site updates and similar notifications. I don’t answer questions about medications on them. That’s what the forum is for.
This page is for the latest major updates to Crazy Meds and the Crazy Meds Talk forum.
The PmWiki software automagically tracks all changes to all pages, so if you want to see it all:
- List of changes to medication pages
- List of changes to medication class/category pages. AEDs, antidepressants, etc.
- List of changes to medication information pages. Various articles about meds.
- List of changes to pages about the Crazy Meds site. Our bibliography, who we are, etc. This also includes stuff like copyright information and the big-ass disclaimer at the bottom of each page.
- List of changes to reader comments. And any pages associated with reader comment maintenance.
03 December 2013
The beg button is back on the wiki. There will soon be an obnoxious expansion of links to the CafePress store. As I’m one of the lucky people who actually responds well to BuSpar I’ll be looking into some form of advertising that isn’t subject to ad-blocking software. Such as those supremely annoying keyword links.
21 November 2013
I’ve put up a shitload of new designs on shirts, mugs, stickers, and assorted other media at the expanded Straitjacket T-Shirts. I had to make some slight changes to the mug designs to get them to look nearly as good as what they can do at Zazzle. When I compare mugs from each of them side-by-side the difference is probably something that maybe 5% of people would notice.
When it comes to media the only thing Zazzle does that is massively superior to Cafe Press is jigsaw puzzles. Cafe Press’ puzzles are a miserable 30 pieces, while Zazzle’s puzzles are a respectable 252 pieces. I’m not even bothering to add puzzles to the Cafe Press product line. I don’t know if it will be worth keeping the Zazzle store open just for puzzles, so check them out while they’re still there.
I still have more to come, but as always I doubt if I’ll finish when I need to. What’s up now is barely in time for RXmas.
23 October 2013
Zazzle now officially sucks more than Cafe Press. Which means I’ll be shutting down the Zazzle store. And since I have to recreate what I want to sell on Cafe Press, I’m getting rid of designs that aren’t selling. Including shirts. So if you want any of the really crappy designs, get them soon.
I’ve been updating existing designs of shirts and mugs with new versions of the Pill font, as well as creating new designs. I suggest you don’t buy any of the shirts that haven’t been updated (Brain Cooties Aren’t Contagious e.g.), unless you like the original Pill Font more than the new ones.
By popular request I’ve finally created more bumperstickers and other items like mouse pads. I plan on converting some discontinued shirt designs into one or more of bumperstickers, mouse pads, mugs and maybe some of whatever other cheap crap Cafe Press offers that looks interesting.
New designs include things like:
So stop by the latest version of Straitjacket T-Shirts.
The way traffic to and revenue from Crazy Meds is plummeting who knows how long I’ll be around with this garbage.
22 September 2013
How do I avoid my life of despair and futility? By working on meaningless bullshit.
- You can now rate medications on. Most of them anyway, as I roll this out. A single, overall zero-to-five rating on a scale of sucks donkey dong to live-saving is far more cathartic than useful. It’s really an experiment. If it works I’ll try to get multiple 0-to-10 scales for efficacy, side effects, etc. So rate away on:
- I updated the stats page with August data about three weeks ago, but I’m still not all here.
2 August 2013
- I have a shitload of stuff to do, on the site and in my life. I’m depressed, anxious, cranky, and frequently angry. So what do I do? I work on site stats. Which is funny, as those statistical data are currently the primary vectors of depression, anxiety and anger, which, in turn, are defining the matrices that are the integral components of my soul.
- You know I’m alt.depressed.as.fuck when I start writing such bullshit.
- The stats page has much more data on it now, including a look into the dark art of website valuation.
- I’ve also been working on speeding up the wiki response time so it doesn’t suck so much in that regard.
12 June 2013
- I’ve cleaned up, reorganized, and attempted to standardize the pages on different medication classes, especially the pages with lists of drugs, such as the Lists of Antiepileptic Drugs / Anticonvulsants.
- I updated Effexor’s off-label uses.
- That’s all that’s barely worth writing about.
5 April 2013
- New content, of sorts. I’ve finally put up the long-overdue page of: Definitions of Neurological, Psychiatric, Medical, and Miscellaneous Terms, Abbreviations, Acronyms & Initialisms used on Crazy Meds. It is not a medical dictionary. That is still in procrastination mode.
5 March 2013
- Each Coming Night pointed out some changes & errors regarding the availability of norepinephrine-selective reuptake inhibiting antidepressants. The changes being Strattera (atomoxetine) is now available all over the place, not just Canadia; the errors being Edronax (reboxetine) is not yet available as a generic in the UK and Ireland. So I updated the Strattera (atomoxetine), Edronax (reboxetine), and Norepinephrine-Selective Reuptake Inhibitor (NSRIs) Antidepressants page to reflect that.
- In addition to availability, I made a few other minor changes on the page about NSRIs clarifying their common attributes and relationship to TCAs.
- I was also able to dig up some information on the Catatrol (viloxazine), the original, or at least older NSRI. It’s still around, but I doubt I’ll write up anything on it.
- I also got to add SPC sheets from the UK & Ireland, and a New Zealand MDS sheet to the Strattera page, along with its shelf-life of three years.
- I completely redid the Stats page. To make my life easier you can now see traffic stats from AwStats, Alexa, and whatever alternate universe version of Crazy Meds Quantcast is looking at.
13 February 2013
- I’ve improved, I hope, the way the site looks for people using various mobile devices. Especially those of you with iPhones, who now represent 20% of this site’s traffic. There is now an entire page dedicated to setting your browsing environment. It’s a bit flaky, but after a fucking month of working on it, it’s not going to get any better. Those of you with large phones, tablets, laptops, and real computers are better off using the settings at the bottom of the right sidebar. If you don’t see a right sidebar, there should be a “Show Sidebar” toggle link underneath the HON Code certification icon. Click on that to display it. And if you don’t want to see either sidebar, each of them can be toggled to display or not when using the Triad skin. There’s more info about that and more on the set environment page.
- Since mobile users haven’t had access to the Google site search, I’ve given everyone access to the wiki’s built-in search engine. It’s a lot like the forum’s search engine, except much more reliable. Just as the forum’s search engine will search only the forum and blogs, the wiki’s search engine will search only the wiki pages. You need to use the Google search engine if you want to search the wiki, forum, blogs, PI sheets and other .pdf files all at once - or search the PI sheets at all. The search is resource-intensive, so I don’t know if I’ll leave it available to everyone or not.
3 January 2013
- Actual new content! The long-overdue page on Geodon / Zeldox (ziprasidone) is up. It’s a work in progress, like the entire site.
11 October 2012
- Actual new content! The long-overdue page on Pristiq is up. There are also a bunch of tweaks to the Effexor page, since I was looking up stuff for comparisons between the two meds.
- I filled in the page on Zyprexa’s pharmacokinetics, which a half-dozen people must have been waiting for.
- I also wrote up a bunch of stuff on how the FDA is still a bunch of liars when it comes to the Teva Budeprion XL fiasco. You’ll find the highlights, with links to more, on the Wellbutrin Brand & Generic Availability Page, and lots and lots of details on the Wellbutrin Expanded Comments page.
- All that meant a few updates to The Brand Name vs. Generic Medications page.
13 September 2012
- What’s old is still new. I’ve converted and updated Bryan’s article on How to Apply For SSDI/SSI When You’re Mentally Interesting. As the article was originally published in 2004, and written and edited by a couple of guys who went through the process of getting disability benefits in 2002, the page with all the links to other sites is probably the most useful.
09 September 2012
- More new old content. The Adderall page is up. That leaves only the lithium orotate page, which I may or may not convert to the new format.
- And a page on medications used to treat ADD/ADHD in adults.
- Also a page on Sleep Disorders, which is actual new content.
07 September 2012
- Another rave from the grave of the non-wiki version of the site is back: site statistics. I’m sure that means a lot to both of the people who are interesting in that sort of thing.
25 August 2012
- Back on 23 July I enabled the right sidebar. In addition to providing space for links to other sites, and the replacement for the support group & more information pages, I also have given you, yes you the opportunity to change the color scheme, typeface, and size of wiki. At least on your screen. If you’re on a real computer and not a smart or not-so-smart phone. Why I made the announcement for this in all the usual places except this page is beyond me.
- What I have done today is something long overdue: a guide on how to actually use this site. Theory of mind is very different for those of us in the Asperger’s spectrum, which is why you’ll often hear us yell, “Isn’t it fucking obvious?” a lot. It also explains why we hate to write [l]user manuals. Many, if not most of us assume anyone who can grasp certain basic concepts must automatically know how to use our elegantly and efficiently designed and executed piece of crap. So I’ve expanded the old How to Read Our Drug Guides pages to now be the How to Navigate this Site, Use its Features & Read the Drug Guides pages.
17 July 2012
- You know the nation-wide drug shortage is really bad when paramedics are using medications that have outlived the expiration date printed on the box. So I’ve added shelf life to the drug pages. It’s on the Brand & Generic Availability pages for those drugs with a full write-up, and down by the half-life and steady state data for the meds with single-page entries.
Fun fact: I had to get all those data from the UK or New Zealand, as shelf life is not required to be published in the US or Canada. The FDA requires it in their new drug applications (NDAs), but those are difficult to find and are frequently so redacted they look like props from a spy movie. Take a look at the Viibryd NDA to see what I mean. I guess they care more for their subjects’ health in the Commonwealth than the FDA cares for the health of US citizens. Or something. I have data for most of the meds currently written up. Currently missing: Serzone (nefazodone) and Strattera (atomoxetine HCl).
15 July 2012
- Actual new content! Pages on the most boring and disappointing drug written up to date: Viibryd (vilazodone hydrochloride).
11 July 2012
- I’ve converted the Depacon and valproate pages to the new format.
- That leaves only the Adderall page and a page on stimulants/ADD meds left to convert from the old to new formats. Or not, if I don’t think there’s anything worth salvaging on the stimulants page.
- Duh - and the lithium orotate page. That’s a low priority, but I’ll leave the html version around. I don’t know if I’ll ever convert it, but I won’t delete it.
- Except for those three pages, everything from the old site should redirect to the new wiki. Including pages I don’t plan on updating, such as links to various support group sites.
What I plan on having is one massive page of links to other sites that may or may not be categorized.
- What I ended up doing - Enabling the right sidebar and adding links to other sites like a blogroll.
- There are still a couple other things I might still convert. Eventually. For now their HTML equivalents are going away.
- I’m constantly tweaking/updating information, so check the links above for changes not worth bothering to post about. Everything except updated PI sheets will get listed on one of the above links.
- Each page has a last update timestamp at the very bottom, as well as buttons so you can see the history of changes.
21 April 2012
- girrl88 sent me a bunch of additional information about Invega Sustenna. So most of the Invega pages have been updated to include the additional data about the once-a-month injectable version of Invega.
- I’ve also been tweaking the format of the basic overview and expanded medication pages like Invega’s. Mostly the order in which you see the information. It dawned on me that it makes more sense to have how long it takes, and how likely it would be for a work for its approved and off-label uses immediately after the list of its approved and off-label uses. Followed by how you should take it and stop taking it. Then pros and cons, then side effects, then all the stuff 99% of people don’t bother reading.
- I’ve been filling in a lot of the blanks on said pages, mainly drug to drug comparisons in efficacy or side effects.
- The forum software was updated. Some bugs were fixed. Most of the new features were for moderators, so you won’t be seeing much in the way of changes. We’re still working on problems people are having with smart phones and blogs.
22 March 2012
- I’m redesigning the main section (i.e. the non-forum part, AKA right here) of the site to make it easier to read for the 30% or so of the people who access it with a mobile device. I’d like some feedback on this, so let me know wherever you’re more comfortable do so. On the forum, on the blog, or on the Facebook page.
1 March 2012
- I finally got off of my lazy ass and finished the page on the actually worrisome side effects of antipsychotics: Metabolic Syndrome, Movement Disorders, & Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS).
9 January 2012
- I can’t believe I left information about inert/inactive ingredients out of the Brand vs. Generics page. There’s a section about it now.
25–26 December 2011
- Upgrading the forum and blog software. Let’s see how many tries are required and how long it takes.
05 December 2011
- Finally, a brand new medication page. Abilify. It may be for a med that’s been around for nine years, but since Abilify has been recently approved for something profitable, at least there are TV ads. For now.
- By popular request the home page has been rewritten to something like the original, syphilitic donkey dong and all.
- I’ve added another page to the section on basic crap all crazy meds have in common. It’s about drugs with low side effect profiles.
- There are now links to consumer review/ratings sites. Most of the ratings/reviews are from the Big Five rating sites: Ask a patient, Revolution Health, Patients like me, WebMD, Drugs.com
- Renamed and expanded the “Am I Really That Messed-Up?” Checklist so it’s somewhat more like a self-diagnosis questionnaire.
- There are now dosage equivalents for SNRIs (all three of them so far), and TCAs (can’t be done, sorry).
- I put up the numbers I used to arrive at the dosage equivalents for SSRIs - similar to what I have on the TCA page - and added low dosages of the SNRIs Cymbalta and Pristiq, so Effexor wouldn’t feel so lonely.
27 November 2011
- At long last the Brand vs. Generic meds page has been renovated and updated.
18 November 2011
- The long-overdue Keppra pages are up.
- I also expanded the page on common side effects and created the page on how to alleviate the common side effects everyone bitches about the loudest. You know, like weight gain and sexual side effects.
21 October 2011
- New merchandise is now available. In addition to some new t-shirts, the Straitjacket T-Shirts Annex is now open, where we currently offer mugs and bumper stickers.
23 September 2011
- Updated, filled in actually, Lamictal’s pharmacokinetics page.
18 September 2011
- Upgraded the forum software. Hate the new look, like some of the new functions, don’t like how others are no longer available.
02 August 2011
- Added a bunch of stuff to the Celexa page.
- Added a lot of names to the ever-growing a-to-z-to-я-to-ת-to-و-to-ん-to-하 list of meds we have articles about. I also cleaned up and expanded the list of meds approved for use outside of the US, but not here.
- Added a section about alcohol and meds to the page of Tips on Taking Crazy Meds. It’s so long it will probably be spun off onto its own page.
- I’m finally getting a guide to reading our drug guides together.
21 July 2011
The Edronax (reboxetine mesylate) page is now up.
7 July 2011
- There’s still some tweaking and assorted clean-up to do, but the Crazy Meds Talk forum has undergone a major rearrangement. I’ve moved the condition sections, such as Bipolar Disorder - I’m So Happy I Could Kill Myself, to be right under the Generic Forum Crap section. This is because most of the questions in the medication sections were along the lines of “Which is the best med to fix me?” and not “I’ve been taking Lamictal for five years, why am I suddenly seeing double?” Additionally:
- Saphris and Zonegran now have their own forums.
- Migraines and headaches was folded into the the Epilepsy forum.
- The two forums on ECT, VNS, TMS, DBS and any other electrical or surgical therapies have been merged into one forum, so it doesn’t matter what they’re used for, they’re now treated just like a medication.
- The same applies to talk therapies and the like.
- I created a new forum for AP-induced movement disorders and how to treat them in the antipsychotics section. So many questions about problems like TD, EPS, and akathisia were popping up across that section I figured it deserved its own forum. Plus I had to quit taking Risperdal due to TD and I fucking loved Risperdal.
- I created a new section, The Cocktail Party, for two more catch-all forums. I’ve given in to a forum on med cocktails. That’s where all those questions involving drug-drug interactions should go, along with “I’m taking Topamax, Lamictal, and lithium, and I’m breaking out all over, which one is responsible?” For those playing at home, the answer is “Yes.”
- Also in that section is the currently empty forum Miscellaneous Major Medical Melange. I need to move a shitload of topics from Small Talk there, and probably a bunch of other forums as well. MMMM is the “It’s health-related, but it doesn’t really belong anywhere else” forum.
- So, please, no medication, psychiatric, health, or similar topics in Small Talk. Kthxbai.
- While not site-related per se, I’ve been uploading a shitload of new designs to Straitjacket T-shirts, and I tweaked the design of the shop a bit. After three full days of dealing with how long it takes to do that, and I still have finished designs that aren’t yet shop-ready, I’m looking at Zazzle and other options. Because clarity of thought has not been one of my strengths in a long-ass time.
15 June 2011
- Somehow I managed to skip converting the Thorazine (chlorpromazine hydrochloride) and Elavil (amitriptyline HCl) pages when I moved everything to the new format. I just finished the Elavil page.
- Added anticholinergic and antihistamine subsections to the common side effects page.
11 June 2011
- The Invega pages have been converted to the new format. These are the first pages written by someone else to be converted to the new format, so I’ve had to mess around with a bunch of stuff to get all the copyright information to appear correctly, which is why I didn’t include them in the first wave of meds.
- I finished up the Meds & Supplements page.
- The HONCode certification has been renewed for another year. You may have noticed we have the certification logo up on the forum. Sites that have collaborative aspects (blog, forum, etc.) are now reviewed as a whole. You won’t find many peer-run mental health fora with HONCode certification, although that’s mainly due to stigma. As I don’t have a problem putting my real name up all over the place, and I don’t care how much of a jerkwad people consider me1 when I ask for some kind of source to back up claims of miraculous vitamin cures, we’re able to have a HONCode-certified forum.
30 May 2011
I’ve put up enough of the Basic Crap About All Meds pages to publish them. These include:
- Tips on How to Take Crazy Meds There’s more than “Don’t operate heavy machinery.”
- Tips on How to Stop Taking Crazy Meds You don’t want to wind up crazier than you were to begin with.
- Common Side Effects No matter which one you take, this will probably happen.
- What You Should Know Before Buying Meds Online Fun fact: in 2009 90% of the ads for online pharmacies were for fraudulent websites.
Pages on the differences between brand name & generic medications and meds & supplements are still under construction.
24 May 2011
I finally got all of the HONCode pages up. So just click on the known your sources link here, or on the side bar to the left and follow along.
25 April 2011
The wiki went live, so everything is new.
|Keep Crazy Meds on the air. Donate some spare electronic currency you have floating around The Cloud|
Page created by: Jerod Poore. Date created: 29 April 2011 Last edited by: JerodPoore
Page design and explanatory material by Jerod Poore, copyright © 2004 - 2013. All rights reserved.
Support Crazy Meds by
joining my doubleplusgood circle jerk adding me to your Google+ circle.
Almost all of the material on this site is by Jerod Poore and is copyright © 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2013 Jerod Poore. Except, of course, the PI sheets - those are the property of the drug companies who developed the drugs the sheets are about - and any documents that are written by other people which may be posted to this site will remain the property of the original authors. You cannot reproduce this page or any other material on this site outside of the boundaries of fair use copying without the express permission of the copyright holder. That’s usually me, so just ask first. That means if want to print out a few pages to take to your doctor, therapist, counselor, support group, non-understanding family members or something like that - then that’s OK to just do. Go for it! Please. As long as you include this copyright notice and the following disclaimer, I’m usually cool with it.
All rights reserved. No warranty is expressed or implied in this information. Consult one or more doctors and/or pharmacists before taking, or changing how you take any neurological and/or psychiatric medication. Your mileage may vary. What happened to us won’t necessarily happen to you. If you still have questions about a medication or condition that were not answered on any of the pages you read, please ask them on the Crazy Meds Forum.
The information on Crazy Meds pertains to and is intended for adults. While some information about children and adolescents is occasionally presented (e.g. US FDA approvals), pediatric-specific data such as dosages, side effects, off-label applications, etc. are rarely included in the articles on drugs or discussed on the forum. If you are looking for information regarding meds for children you’ll have to go somewhere else.
Know your sources!
Nobody on this site is a doctor, a therapist, or a pharmacist. We don’t portray them either here or on TV. Only doctors can diagnose and treat an illness. While it’s not as bad as it used to be, some doctors still get pissed off by patients who know too much about medications, so tread lightly when and where appropriate. Diagnosing yourself from a website is like defending yourself in court, you suddenly have a fool for a doctor. Don’t be a cyberchondriac, thinking you have every disease you see a website about, or that you’ll get every side effect from every medication1. Self-prescribing is as dangerous as buying meds from fraudulent online pharmacies that promise you medications without prescriptions.
All information on this site has been obtained through our personal experience and the experiences family, friends, what people have reported on various reputable sites all over teh intergoogles, the medications’ product information / summary of product characteristic (PI/SPC) sheets, and from sources that are referenced throughout the site. As such the information presented here is not intended as a substitute for real medical advice from your real doctor, just a compliment to it. You should never, ever, replace what a real doctor tells you with something from a website on the Internet. The farthest you should ever take it is getting a second opinion from another real doctor. Educate yourself - always read the PI/SPC sheet or patient information leaflet (PIL) that comes with your medications and never ever throw them away.
Crazy Meds is not responsible for the content of sites we provide links to. We like them, or they’re paid advertisements, or they’re something else we think you should read to help you make an informed decision about a particular med. Sometimes they’re more than one of those things. But what’s on those sites is their business, not ours.
All brand names of the drugs listed in this site are the trademarks of the companies named on the PI/SPC sheet associated with the medication, sometimes on the pages about the drugs, even though those companies may have been acquired by other companies who may or may not be listed in this site by the time you read this. Or the rights to the drug were sold to another company. And any or all of the companies involved may have changed their names.
Crazy Meds is optimized for the browser you’re not using on the platform you wish you had. Between you and me, it all looks a lot cleaner using Safari or Chrome, although more than half of the visitors to this site use either Safari or Internet Explorer, so I’m doing my best to make things look nice for IE as well. I’m using Firefox and running Windows 72. On a computer that sits on top of my desk. With a 23 inch monitor. Hey, at least you can make the text larger or smaller by clicking on the + or - buttons in the upper right hand corner. If you have Java enabled. Like 99% of the websites on the planet, Crazy Meds is hosted on domain running an open source operating system with a variety of open source applications, including the software used to display what you’ve been reading. As such Crazy Meds is not responsible for whatever weird shit your browser does or does not do when you read this site3.
No neurologists, psychiatrists, therapists or pharmacists were harmed in the production of this website. Use only as directed. Void where prohibited. Contains nuts. Certain restrictions may apply. All data are subject to availability. Not available on all mobile devices, in the 12 Galaxies Guiltied to a Zegnatronic Rocket Society, or in all dimensions of reality.
‘Everything is true, nothing is permitted.’ - Jerod Poore
1 While there are plenty of books to help you with hypochondria, for some reason there’s not much in the way of websites. Then again, staying off of the Internet is a large part of curing/managing the disorder.
2 Remember kids, Microsloth operating systems are like TOS Star Trek movies with in that every other one sucks way, way more. With TOS Star Trek movies you don’t want to bother watching the odd-numbered ones. With Microsloth OS you don’t want to buy and install the even-numbered ones. Anyone who remembers ME and Vista knows what I mean.
3 Have I mentioned how open source operating systems for commercial applications is one of the dumbest ideas in the history of dumb ideas?
[begin rant] I rent a dedicated server for Crazy Meds. It’s sitting on a rack somewhere in Southern California along with a bunch of other servers that other people have rented. The hardware is identical, but no two machines have exactly the same operating systems. I don’t even need to see what is on any of the others to know this. If somebody got their server at the exact same time, with the exact same features as I did, I’m confident that there would be noticeable differences in some aspects of the operating systems. So what does this mean? For one thing it means that no two computers in the same office of a single company have the same operating system, and the techs can spend hours figuring out what the fuck the problem could be based on that alone. It also means that application software like IP board that runs the forum here has to have so many fucking user-configurable bells and whistles that even when I read the manual I can’t find every setting, or every location that every flag needs to be set in order for a feature to run the way I want it to run. And in the real world it means you can get an MBA not only with an emphasis on resource planning, but with an emphasis on using SAP - a piece of software so complex there are now college programs on how to use it. You might think, “But don’t people learn how to use Photoshop or Adobe Illustrator in college?” Sure, in order to create stuff. And in a way you’re creating stuff with SAP. But do you get a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree with an emphasis on Photoshop?
Back in the Big Iron Age the operating systems were proprietary, and every computer that took up an entire room with a raised floor and HVAC system, and had less storage and processing power than an iPhone, had the same operating system as every other one, give or take a release level. But when a company bought application software like SAP, they also got the source code, which was usually documented and written in a way to make it easy to modify the hell out of it. Why? Because accounting principles may be the same the world over, and tax laws the same across each country and state, but no two companies have the same format for their reports, invoices, purchase orders and so forth. Standards existed and were universally ignored. If something went wrong it went wrong the same way for everyone, and was easy to track down. People didn’t need to take a college course to learn how to use a piece of software.
I’m not against the open source concept entirely. Back then all the programmers read the same magazines, so we all had the same homebrew utilities. We even had a forerunner of QR Code to scan the longer source code. Software vendors and computer manufacturers sponsored conventions so we could, among other things, swap recipes for such add-ons and utilities. While those things would make our lives easier, they had nothing to do with critical functions of the operating system. Unless badly implemented they would rarely cause key application software to crash and burn. Whereas today, with open source everything, who the hell knows what could be responsible some part of a system failing. [/end rant]